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Ideały i wartości pedagogiczne buddyjskiej szkoły Tiantai
- In this paper, the pedagogical values of the Chinese school of Mahayana, Tiantai, are presented. In the first part, the author concentrates upon the origins, structure and contents of the main text of the school, The Lotus Sutra (Sutra on the White Lotus of the Sublime Dharma) and also upon the representatives of the Tiantai school, like Zhiyi, and upon the doctrine of Tiantai. In the further course, he conducted the hermeneutic research into the oldest chapters of the treatise mentioned above. He presented the ideals of upbringing, and also pedagogical values, of the Tiantai school, taking under consideration, among others, parables: about rescuing children from a burning house by father, about the return of a prodigal son, about a jewel sewn into clothes, about an enchanted city, and about the plants watered with the rain of Tathagata. The comparative analysis gives rise to the conclusion that the pedagogical values presented in the teaching of the Tiantai school are of a contemporary character, and that they correspond, in particular, with the hermeneutic method in pedagogy, the principal assumptions of humanistic psychology and pedagogy, and with the traits of upbringing discovered in the pedagogy of of 20th century. The revealed pedagogical values of the school are of a universal character, and constitute the heritage of the entire mankind.